5 Types of Humming Birds Found in Oregon

Hummingbirds are fascinating creatures that captivate birdwatchers with their vibrant colors, tiny size, and incredible aerial acrobatics. These small birds are known for their ability to hover in mid-air and their rapid wingbeats that produce a humming sound, giving them their name.

In the beautiful state of Oregon, several hummingbird species can be found.

Let’s explore the “5 Types of Humming Birds Found in Oregon”

1-The Ruby-Throated Hummingbird

The Ruby-Throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) is a breathtaking sight to behold. With its shimmering emerald-green feathers and a striking ruby-red throat, this tiny bird stands out in any garden or woodland. The males boast vibrant plumage, while the females display a more muted greenish-gray coloration.

Native to the eastern part of North America, the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird embarks on an impressive journey during its annual migration. These remarkable birds can travel up to 2,000 miles, crossing the Gulf of Mexico to reach their wintering grounds in Central America.

Known for their agility and speed, Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds are expert flyers, capable of hovering in mid-air and changing direction in the blink of an eye. With their wings beating at an astonishing rate of 53 beats per second, they produce a distinctive humming sound that adds to their allure.

Scientific NameArchilochus colubris
Size3-4 inches
Male ColorsRuby-red throat, green back
Female ColorsGreenish with white

2-The Anna’s Hummingbird

The Anna’s Hummingbird (Calypte anna) is a true resident of Oregon, delighting birdwatchers with its year-round presence. This medium-sized hummingbird possesses an exquisite blend of emerald green and gray feathers, making it a sight to behold amidst the verdant landscapes.

What distinguishes the male Anna’s Hummingbird is its vibrant display of iridescent colors. Sporting a pinkish-red crown and throat, known as a gorget, the male flaunts its beauty during elaborate courtship displays. These mesmerizing aerial performances involve high-speed dives, accompanied by a distinctive chirping sound produced by their rapidly beating wings.

Unlike many migratory species, the Anna’s Hummingbird has adapted remarkably well to urban environments. You can spot these fascinating birds not only in natural habitats but also in city parks, gardens, and even backyards. Their adaptability and willingness to explore new sources of nectar make them a delightful addition to any birdwatching experience.

Scientific NameCalypte anna
Size3.9-4.3 inches
Male ColorsEmerald green with pinkish-red crown and throat
Female ColorsGreenish-gray

3-The Rufous Hummingbird

Prepare to be dazzled by the fiery beauty of the Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus). This remarkable species, known for its vibrant orange-brown feathers, is a frequent visitor to Oregon during its spring and fall migrations.

Measuring only about three to four inches in length, the Rufous Hummingbird embarks on an epic journey, covering an impressive distance of over 3,000 miles. These tiny travelers journey from their breeding grounds in the Pacific Northwest all the way down to their wintering habitats in Mexico and parts of Central America.

What makes the Rufous Hummingbird truly remarkable is its tenacity and endurance. Despite its small size, it undertakes one of the longest migration routes of any hummingbird species. This annual journey takes them through various ecosystems, including forests, meadows, and even suburban gardens.

Males of the species sport a vibrant reddish-orange throat, or gorget, which becomes even more prominent during courtship displays. These displays involve acrobatic aerial dances, showcasing the male’s agility and vibrant colors to attract potential mates. Female Rufous Hummingbirds, on the other hand, have greenish-gold feathers, allowing them to blend seamlessly with their natural surroundings.

Scientific NameSelasphorus rufus
Size3-4 inches
Male ColorsOrange-brown with reddish-orange throat
Female ColorsGreenish-Gold

4-The Calliope Hummingbird

Prepare to be enchanted by the smallest breeding bird in North America – the Calliope Hummingbird (Selasphorus calliope). This diminutive species, measuring a mere three inches in length, graces Oregon with its presence during the summer months.

Named after the Greek muse of epic poetry, the Calliope Hummingbird exhibits its own poetic beauty. Males boast a striking combination of green and purplish feathers, while females showcase a more subtle palette of green and white. What sets the male Calliope Hummingbird apart is its vibrant magenta streaks on the throat, shimmering like a precious jewel in the sunlight.

Endowed with a remarkable voice, the Calliope Hummingbird emits a high-pitched, insect-like trill during territorial disputes and courtship displays. Despite its petite size, this tiny avian marvel possesses a voice that carries far and wide, adding a unique auditory dimension to the ambiance of Oregon’s natural landscapes.

The Calliope Hummingbird’s breeding range extends to the mountainous regions of the western United States, including parts of Oregon. These resilient birds have adapted to high-altitude environments, favoring areas with open meadows, coniferous forests, and flowering shrubs.

Like other hummingbirds, the Calliope Hummingbird sustains itself primarily on nectar, drawing nourishment from an array of wildflowers. It will also supplement its diet with small insects and spiders, which provide essential protein for its energetic lifestyle.

Scientific NameSelasphorus calliope
Size3 inches
Male ColorsGreen and purplish feathers, magenta streaks on throat
Female ColorsGreen and white

5-The Black-Chinned Hummingbird

Prepare to be mesmerized by the elegance of the Black-Chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri), a stunning species that graces Oregon with its presence during the summer months. With its distinctive black throat and shimmering emerald plumage, this tiny bird is a true gem of the avian world.

The Black-Chinned Hummingbird derives its name from the male’s dark, iridescent throat, which appears black when viewed head-on but reveals a vibrant purple hue when caught in the right light. Females, on the other hand, exhibit a more subtle palette of green and white feathers, allowing them to blend seamlessly with their surroundings.

These marvelous creatures are known for their agility and aerial prowess. With wings beating at an astonishing rate of 50 to 80 times per second, they can hover, fly backward, and even dive at incredible speeds. Their rapid wingbeats produce a distinctive buzzing sound, adding to their allure and captivating birdwatchers.

When it comes to feeding, Black-Chinned Hummingbirds have a sweet tooth for floral nectar. They have a particular fondness for tubular-shaped flowers, which their slender bills can easily access. In their quest for sustenance, they play a crucial role in pollination, inadvertently transferring pollen from flower to flower as they feed.

Scientific NameArchilochus alexandri
Size3-4 inches
Male ColorsBlack throat, shimmering emerald plumage
Female ColorsGreen and white

Creating a Hummingbird-Friendly Environment

To attract and support hummingbirds in your garden, it’s essential to create a hummingbird-friendly environment.

Here are some key steps to consider:

Providing Food and Water:

One of the most crucial aspects is providing a consistent source of food and water. Place hummingbird feeders filled with a sugar-water solution (made with four parts water to one part white granulated sugar) in your garden. Ensure the feeders have red accents to attract hummingbirds. Clean the feeders regularly to prevent the growth of mold or bacteria. Additionally, consider adding a shallow birdbath or misting feature for the hummingbirds to drink and bathe.

Selecting the Right Plants:

Choose plants that produce tubular-shaped flowers rich in nectar, as these are the hummingbirds’ favorites. Some excellent choices include trumpet vines, salvias, penstemons, columbines, and bee balms. Incorporate a variety of flowering plants that bloom at different times throughout the season to provide a continuous food source.

Maintaining a Safe Habitat:

Create a safe environment for hummingbirds by minimizing the use of pesticides, herbicides, and insecticides in your garden. These chemicals can be harmful to hummingbirds and the insects they rely on for protein. Opt for natural pest control methods or choose plants that naturally repel pests. Additionally, minimize outdoor cat presence, as they pose a threat to hummingbirds and other small birds.

Observing Hummingbirds:

Take the time to observe and appreciate hummingbirds in their natural habitat. Set up a comfortable seating area near their favorite feeding spots, ensuring you have a clear view. Grab a pair of binoculars or a camera with a zoom lens to get a closer look at their mesmerizing behaviors and vibrant plumage. Remember to maintain a respectful distance to avoid disturbing their natural behaviors.

By implementing these strategies, you can create an inviting sanctuary for hummingbirds in your garden, providing them with the necessary resources for survival and allowing you to witness their extraordinary beauty up close.


The world of hummingbirds in Oregon is truly captivating. From the striking Ruby-Throated Hummingbird to the enchanting Calliope Hummingbird, these tiny avian wonders bring joy and beauty to the natural landscapes of the state.

By creating a hummingbird-friendly environment, you can attract these delightful creatures to your own backyard. Providing a consistent source of food and water through feeders and nectar-rich flowers is essential. Selecting the right plants, maintaining a safe habitat, and observing hummingbirds with awe and respect are key elements in creating a harmonious space for these fascinating birds.

As you embark on your hummingbird journey, remember to appreciate their agility, vibrant colors, and unique behaviors. Take the time to pause, observe, and marvel at their remarkable flight patterns and delicate interactions with nature. These tiny creatures remind us of the beauty and diversity of the natural world.

How can I attract hummingbirds to my garden?

To attract hummingbirds, provide a variety of nectar-rich flowers, hang feeders with sugar-water solutions, and ensure a water source is available for them to drink and bathe.

What is the best time to spot hummingbirds in Oregon?

Hummingbirds can be observed in Oregon during their respective migration seasons, with spring and summer being the prime time to spot them.

 How do I make a sugar-water solution for hummingbird feeders?

Mix four parts water with one part white granulated sugar. Boil the solution to dissolve the sugar, then let it cool before filling the feeders.

Are there any plants I should avoid planting in my hummingbird garden?

Avoid using plants treated with pesticides or herbicides, as they can be harmful to hummingbirds. Research and choose plants that are safe for these delicate creatures.

How can I ensure the safety of hummingbirds in my garden?

Minimize the use of chemicals, provide a safe habitat free from predators, and keep outdoor cats indoors to protect hummingbirds and other small birds.

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