20 Types of Black and White Birds Found in Belgium

The picturesque nation of Belgium, located in the center of Europe, is well known for its exquisite chocolates, ancient architecture, and wide variety of birds.

The black and white birds stand out as surprising images of elegance and contrast among the many feathered residents. Every species, from the majestic Eurasian Magpie to the dainty Common Tern, brings a certain charm to Belgium’s stunning surroundings.

In this post, we set out on a quest to discover 20 Types of Black and White Birds Found in Belgium. So grab your binoculars and let’s explore Belgium’s avian treasures.

Types of Black and White Birds Found in Belgium

Eurasian Magpie (Pica pica)

The Eurasian Magpie is a charming bird with beautiful black and white feathers that are iridescently colored. They are extremely gregarious and intelligent, have amazing problem-solving skills, and use a variety of vocalizations to communicate.

They have a mischievous disposition and are frequently spotted gathering shiny objects for their nests. These adaptive birds interest both serious birdwatchers and casual observers since they thrive in a variety of settings, from urban areas to woodlands.

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European Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca)

The glossy, monochromatic black and white feathers of the European Pied Flycatcher are a thing of beauty.

The males distinguish themselves during breeding season by donning a gorgeous black “hood” (cap). They are skilled flycatchers thanks to their nimble flight and aptitude at capturing insects.

These small avian marvels, which live in parks, gardens, and woodlands, bring harmony and elegance to Belgium’s outdoor areas.

Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus)

The distinctive black, white, and iridescent green plumage of the Northern Lapwing makes it a popular sight in Belgium’s marshes and agricultural areas.

Its flying feats of strength during courting rituals are fascinating to see. They produce a symphony in the skies by emitting their distinctive “pee-wit” call. These beloved representations of nature’s splendor are ground-nesting birds.

Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus martius)

The Black Woodpecker, the largest woodpecker in Belgium, stands out thanks to its jet-black plumage and white shoulder patches.

They prefer deep forests, where they can drill holes for their nests in trees with their strong beaks. Being elusive, they must be found with time and a keen ear for their resonant thumping.

Common Tern (Sterna hirundo)

An attractive seabird, the Common Tern flaunts a snowy-white belly and contrasting black crown and mantle.

They gracefully descend into the water to catch fish while in flight. Their beautiful sounds lend Belgium’s waterfronts a calming touch. They are commonly found close to freshwater bodies of water and coastal areas.

European Magpie (Garrulus glandarius)

The European Magpie is a captivating bird with high intellect that can be identified by its black-and-white plumage and vivid blue and green tints on its wings.

They are kind and inquisitive, and they explore their surroundings with a lively mindset. They thrive in a variety of settings, from urban parks to forests, and are frequently spotted hopping around in search of food and nesting supplies.

White Wagtail (Motacilla alba)

The White Wagtail is a vivacious passerine bird with a long, swaying tail and a plumage that is primarily black and white.

They are found close to water, wading in shallow pools while catching insects with their quick motions.

Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis)

The Common Kingfisher is a rare find among black and white birds, and its bright blue and orange plumage gives its surroundings a splash of color.

They nest close to freshwater sources of water, such as lakes and rivers, where they can be seen in all their bright splendour. They are adept at catching fish.

Northern Gannet (Morus bassanus)

Large seabird known as the Northern Gannet with beautiful white plumage and contrasting black wingtips.

It dives into the water from amazing heights to capture fish and is renowned for its superb diving abilities. They are a spectacular sight along Belgium’s coastal cliffs, where they nest in enormous colonies.

Eurasian Oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus)

The distinctive black-and-white plumage of the Eurasian Oystercatcher is complemented by its brilliant red legs and long, orange-red bill.

They are adept at scavenging for mollusks and other delights buried in the sand and thrive along the shores.

European Blackbird (Turdus merula)

The male European Blackbird, despite its name, has sleek black plumage and a dazzling yellow eye ring.

Feathers on females are brownish-black. These birds, well-known for their beautiful song, are a joy to see in gardens and wooded areas.

Black Tern (Chlidonias niger)

The Black Tern has a white underbelly that contrasts with its primarily black plumage. They are frequently spotted close to wetlands where they gracefully dive to gather insects. They are quick and agile in flight.

Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos major)

The Great Spotted Woodpecker is an endearing bird with striking black-and-white feathers that are highlighted by a bright red cap.

Their booming pounding echoes through the woodlands as they look for insects in the tree bark; they are frequently heard before seen. They strengthen the ecosystem by creating nesting holes in decaying wood with their powerful beaks.

They are frequently seen in Belgium’s woodlands, where birdwatchers adore them for their unusual sounds and eye-catching looks.

Black Redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros)

A energetic and maneuverable bird, the Black Redstart has sleek black plumage with vivid red patches on its tail and wings.

They thrive in rocky settings and are frequently seen close to structures and ruins, where they flick their tails to catch insects. Their catchy tunes bring a little melody to urban areas, making them a welcome sight in Belgian cities.

Ruff (Calidris pugnax)

The Ruff is a medium-sized wading bird that, during the breeding season, displays a distinctive black-and-white ruff around its neck.

Intriguing changes in male plumage are used to entice females during courtship displays. They live in marshes and wetlands and use their long bills to comb the water for insects and other small aquatic organisms. The numerous wetland environments in Belgium are made more beautiful by their presence.

Blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla)

The migratory songbird known as the Blackcap has a reddish-brown cap on the female and a grayish-black crown on the male.

During the breeding season, they sing melodic songs that are well-known for their ability to enchant listeners. They feed for fruit and insects while living in woodlands and gardens, making them important contributors to the equilibrium of the ecosystem.

Common Guillemot (Uria aalge)

The Common Guillemot, also called the Common Murre, has black upperparts and a striking white belly.

During the breeding season, these seabirds congregate on cliffs and rock ledges, where they build vast colonies of nests. They can dive into the sea to capture fish thanks to their remarkable diving abilities, displaying an astonishing exhibition of their innate power.

Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra)

With a black body and a striking white frontal shield on its forehead, the Eurasian Coot is an intriguing bird.

They are typically seen gliding smoothly on the water’s surface in ponds and lakes where they are found. Despite having a calm appearance, they are notorious for their territorial aggression, especially during the breeding season.

European Herring Gull (Larus argentatus)

The European Herring Gull is a sizable, strong seabird with mainly white plumage and gray wings. Their opportunistic eating habits enable them to scavenge for a variety of food sources, including fish and leftovers from human activity, and they can be found near water bodies and coastal areas.

Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus)

The dark gray back and white underparts of the Lesser Black-backed Gull provide for an eye-catching contrast.

They are expert scavengers, proficient at obtaining food along shorelines and in urban settings, and thrive in coastal areas and inland water bodies.


In addition to being a home for an amazing variety of black and white birds, Belgium, a nation renowned for its beautiful landscapes and historical beauty.

Every species adds its own special charm to the country’s varied environments. These avian marvels are a delight for birdwatchers and nature lovers due to the remarkable contrast of their plumage and their beautiful calls.

These birds are essential to preserving the ecological balance as keepers of Belgium’s abundant biodiversity. These black and white birds bring a touch of elegance to Belgium’s rich natural landscape, whether they are flying through the air or hunting in wetlands and wooded areas.

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Are Blackbirds as Smart as Crows?

Are all black and white birds in Belgium migratory?

Not all black and white bird species in Belgium are migratory. While some are year-round residents, others may migrate during specific seasons.

Which bird is known for its exceptional diving skills?

The Northern Gannet is renowned for its remarkable diving abilities to catch fish underwater.

Where can I spot the Common Kingfisher in Belgium?

The Common Kingfisher is often found near freshwater bodies, including lakes, rivers, and ponds.

Do black and white birds sing during the breeding season?

Yes, many black and white bird species, such as the Blackcap and European Pied Flycatcher, are known for their melodious songs during the breeding season.

How many species of black and white birds are native to Belgium?

Belgium is home to approximately 20 unique species of black and white birds, each contributing to the country’s enchanting avian diversity.

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