20 Types of Black and White Birds Found in Alabama

Learn about the intriguing world of Black and White Birds Found in Alabama.

Birdwatchers are in for a treat in this state, which is home to different bird species. The black and white birds stick out among these fascinating avian residents due to their stunning contrast and unique behavior.

Alabama is home to a wide variety of these alluring feathered species, from the renowned Northern Flicker to the delicate Black Skimmer.

Get ready to be amazed by the stunning beauty and distinctive personalities of 20 different black and white bird species found in Alabama, whether you’re an avid birdwatcher or a nature enthusiast.

Black and White Birds Found in Alabama

Alabama’s geographic location makes it a haven for bird species, with diverse habitats ranging from coastal wetlands to dense forests.

Birdwatching not only offers a chance to witness stunning avian beauty but also contributes to scientific research and conservation efforts.

Northern Flicker:

The Northern Flicker, sometimes referred to as the “Yellowhammer,” is a captivating species of woodpecker with a distinctive blend of black and white plumage accented by a brilliant splash of yellow on its underparts.

 These sized-medium birds are frequently seen in parks, forests, woodlands, and even in cities. They enrich the symphony of nature with their entrancing calls and rhythmic pounding.

In addition to being adept at pecking through trees in quest of insects, northern flickers are also renowned for their ground feeding habits. Both birdwatchers and nature lovers like them for their remarkable looks and enthralling activities.

Scientific NameColaptes auratus
AppearanceBrown with black bars on back; red nape and crescent on the breast
SizeApproximately 12 – 14 inches (30 – 36 cm) in length
WingspanAround 17 – 21 inches (43 – 54 cm)
HabitatForests, woodlands, parks, and urban areas
RangeDuring migration, they pass through Pennsylvania, primarily breeding in northeastern North America
DietInsects, ants, beetles, and seeds
Vocalization“Wik-wik-wik” call and loud, ringing “kleeer” call
Nesting HabitsExcavates nest cavities in trees and posts
BehaviorAgile climbers and foragers, often seen hopping along branches
Interesting FactNorthern Flickers are known for their drumming behavior on resonant objects to attract mates and establish territory.

Black Skimmer:

A captivating seabird with a dramatic look, the Black Skimmer has a striking black upper body and a stunning white bottom. Its enlarged lower jaw, which it uses to expertly skim the water surface while in flight and precisely catch up fish, is one of its most amazing characteristics.

Typically found in coastal regions, estuaries, and saltwater lagoons, where they practice their extraordinary fishing technique, are these elegant birds. Black Skimmers are social animals that are frequently spotted building colonies of nests on sand beaches.

For birdwatchers who are fortunate enough to see them in action, they are a great sight due to their agile flight and breathtaking aerial acrobatics.

Scientific NameRynchops niger
AppearanceBlack upper body, white underside
SizeApproximately 16 – 21 inches (40 – 53 cm) in length
WingspanAround 44 – 49 inches (112 – 124 cm)
HabitatForests, woodlands, parks, and urban areas
RangeDuring migration, they pass through Pennsylvania, primarily breeding in northeastern North America
DietFish, caught by skimming the water surface with its lower mandible
VocalizationHarsh “yip” or “kark” calls
Nesting HabitsNests are simple scrapes on sandy or gravel beaches
BehaviorExcellent fliers, fishing at dawn and dusk, colonial nesting
Interesting FactBlack Skimmers have a unique feeding technique where they fly low over the water, lower their lower mandible into the water, and “skim” the surface to catch fish.

Black Tern:

The Black Tern is a graceful and agile flier that is commonly seen close to freshwater habitats including ponds, lakes, and marshes.

It has sleek black plumage and striking white underparts. These medium-sized birds have buoyant flight patterns and are adept at capturing aquatic invertebrates and small fish. In order to go from their breeding grounds in North America to their wintering grounds in South America, Black Terns are recognized for their extensive migratory routes.

They build floating nests amid aquatic plants throughout the breeding season, lending a refined touch to the marshes they call home.

Scientific NameChlidonias niger
AppearanceBlack head and underparts, gray wings and back
SizeApproximately 9 – 10 inches (23 – 26 cm) in length
WingspanAround 24 – 26 inches (61 – 66 cm)
HabitatFreshwater marshes, ponds, and lakes
DietInsects, small fish, and aquatic invertebrates
VocalizationHigh-pitched “kit” or “kip” calls
Nesting HabitsNests are floating structures anchored to vegetation
BehaviorAgile fliers, plunge-divers, migratory
Interesting FactBlack Terns are one of the few tern species that nest and forage exclusively in freshwater habitats.

American Avocet:

A stunning shorebird with eye-catching black and white plumage and a recognizable upward-curved bill is the American Avocet.

These thin-legged waders can frequently be seen hunting for aquatic insects, crustaceans, and tiny fish in shallow waters. The word “avocet” for this bird is derived from the Italian word “avosetta,” which means “long-necked bird.”

Their attractiveness is increased during the breeding season when their plumage develops a rusty colour. The stunning courtship displays that American Avocets put on during which they perform complex mating dances are well-known.

On the wetlands of Alabama, they are a true sight to behold with their delicate movements and lovely appearance.

Scientific NameRecurvirostra americana
AppearanceLong, upturned bill; black and white plumage
SizeApproximately 16 – 20 inches (41 – 51 cm) in length
WingspanAround 27 – 30 inches (69 – 76 cm)
HabitatShallow wetlands, salt pans, and mudflats
DietInsects, crustaceans, and aquatic invertebrates
VocalizationHigh-pitched “kleet” or “kleep” calls
Nesting HabitsNests are shallow depressions in open areas
BehaviorWades in shallow water, sweeps bill side to side to find food, migratory
Interesting FactAmerican Avocets are known for their unique foraging behavior where they use their specialized bill to sweep side to side in shallow water to capture prey.

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck:

A remarkable species of waterfowl with a black belly and a white face is the black-bellied whistling duck. These sociable ducks are frequently observed in huge flocks foraging in wetlands, marshes, and freshwater lakes for seeds, grains, and aquatic plants.

As their name suggests, they produce a peculiar whistling sound that gives their natural surroundings a musical touch. Since they like to rest on tree branches and build their nests in tree cavities, Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks are distinctive among duck species.

They are a lovely addition to Alabama’s diversified bird population because of their intriguing actions and vocalizations.

Scientific NameDendrocygna autumnalis
AppearanceBlack belly and face, white crown and neck, reddish legs
SizeApproximately 19 – 24 inches (48 – 61 cm) in length
WingspanAround 33 – 39 inches (84 – 99 cm)
HabitatWetlands, marshes, and freshwater lakes
DietSeeds, grains, aquatic plants, insects, and small fish
VocalizationHigh-pitched whistling calls
Nesting HabitsNests are built in tree cavities or on the ground
BehaviorNoisy fliers, strong flyers, primarily diurnal
Interesting FactBlack-bellied Whistling-Ducks are known for their distinctive whistling calls, which sound like “whoo-eet.”

Black-capped Chickadee:

The Black-capped Chickadee is a little, endearing songbird with a black cap and neck that contrast with its white cheeks and underparts. These sociable birds frequently stop by backyard feeders, where they enjoy chowing down on suet and grains.

Despite their small size, they are brave and inquisitive, frequently approaching people with a curious air. Black-capped Chickadees are acrobatic in their movements, and they bring a happy atmosphere to gardens and forests alike with their cheery “chick-a-dee-dee-dee” calls.

They are cherished residents in the midst of Alabama’s natural splendor because of their flexibility and lovable personality.

Scientific NamePoecile atricapillus
AppearanceSmall bird with a black cap and bib, white cheeks, and grayish-brown upperparts
SizeApproximately 11-14 centimeters (4-5.5 inches) in length
WingspanAround 16-21 centimeters (6-8 inches)
HabitatWoodlands, forests, parks, and gardens
DietOmnivorous, feeding on insects, seeds, berries, and small fruits
VocalizationKnown for its distinctive “chick-a-dee-dee-dee” call, along with various whistles and trills
Nesting HabitsConstructs nests in tree cavities, birdhouses, or tree stumps, often using moss and fur
BehaviorActive and agile, often hanging upside down while foraging, forming flocks in winter
Interesting FactBlack-capped Chickadees have excellent spatial memory, enabling them to remember food caches

Pied-billed Grebe:

a Pied-billed The grebe is a tiny, diving waterbird that may be distinguished from other grebe species by the black band that surrounds its robust bill. These birds are expert divers and can stay underwater for lengthy periods of time where they feed on aquatic insects, fish, and crustaceans.

Their distinct capacity to softly submerge beneath the water’s surface adds to their allure. Pied-billed Grebes can be found in a range of water settings, including marshes, estuaries, and lakes and ponds.

For birdwatchers exploring Alabama’s marshes, finding them is a pleasant experience due to their elusiveness and fascinating behaviors.

Scientific NamePodilymbus podiceps
Appearancecompact water bird with a distinctive black vertical stripe on its bill, which is bordered with pale blue. Its plumage ranges from brownish-gray on the upperparts to white on the underparts.
SizeApproximately 28-38 centimeters (11-15 inches) in length
WingspanAround 46-61 centimeters (18-24 inches
HabitatFreshwater lakes, ponds, marshes, and slow-moving rivers
RangeYear-round resident in Pennsylvania and widespread across North America
DietCarnivorous, feeding on aquatic insects, fish, crustaceans, and amphibians
VocalizationKnown for a variety of calls, including yelps, whistles, and growls
Nesting HabitsConstruct floating nests among emergent vegetation
BehaviorExcellent divers and swimmers, using their lobed toes to propel themselves underwater
Interesting FactPied-billed Grebes are exceptional in their ability to sink their bodies in the water, leaving only their head exposed, earning them the nickname “water witches.”

Black Vulture:

The spectacular scavenger known as the Black Vulture, with its all-black plumage and large wingspan, is essential to the stability of the environment. These soaring birds have an exceptional sense of smell that allows them to locate carrion from great distances.

Black Vultures are gregarious and frequently congregate in groups to dine on carcasses. They are commonly spotted soaring gracefully across the sky. Although they may have a foreboding appearance, they perform an important ecological task by eating carrion that would otherwise attract pests and keeping the environment clean.

Black Vultures are a regular and necessary sight in the cycle of life in Alabama’s diverse environments.

Scientific NameCoragyps atratus
AppearanceThe Black Vulture is a large and impressive bird of prey, distinguished by its black plumage and featherless, wrinkled head.
SizeApproximately 56-74 centimeters (22-29 inches) in length
WingspanAround 150-160 centimeters (59-63 inches)
HabitatOpen country, forests, urban areas, and coastal regions
RangeYear-round resident in Pennsylvania and throughout much of the Americas
DietScavenger, feeding primarily on carrion, especially roadkill
VocalizationCommunicates using grunts and hisses
Nesting HabitsNests are built on the ground, in caves, or hollow trees, using sticks, leaves, and grass
BehaviorHighly intelligent and social birds, often seen in groups or “kettles” soaring in thermals
Interesting Facthave a keen sense of smell, enabling them to locate carrion from great distances

Black-and-white Warbler:

The charming migrating songbird known as the Black-and-White Warbler has a recognizable zebra-like pattern of black stripes on a white backdrop. These active birds can frequently be seen feeding on tree trunks and branches, using their dexterous motions to extract insects from bark fissures.

They are mostly insectivorous, unlike the majority of warbler species, and do not sing elaborate songs. Instead, they are known for their high-pitched, repetitive “wee-see, wee-see” call.

They build cup-shaped nests on the forest floor or low trees during the breeding season. They add charm to Alabama’s avian diversity with their distinctive looks and feeding habits.

Scientific NameMniotilta varia
AppearanceThe Black and White Warbler is a small and striking bird with bold black and white stripes on its body, resembling a tiny referee
SizeApproximately 12-14 centimeters (5-5.5 inches) in length
WingspanAround 20-23 centimeters (8-9 inches)
HabitatMixed woodlands, deciduous forests, and sometimes coniferous forests
RangeDuring migration, they pass through Pennsylvania, but they breed primarily in northern regions of North America
DietInsectivorous, feeding on insects, spiders, and other small arthropods
VocalizationProduces a high-pitched, wiry song, often described as “wee-see, wee-see, wee-see”
Nesting HabitsNests are built on the ground or in low shrubs, constructed from leaves, bark, and grass
BehaviorAgile and acrobatic forager, frequently hitching along tree trunks and branches
Interesting Factunique feeding behavior allows it to access insects that other warblers cannot, making it a fascinating addition to Pennsylvania’s avian diversity during migration.

Black-throated Gray Warbler:

A magnificent migrating songbird with a dramatic black neck that contrasts with its gray and white plumage is the Black-throated Gray Warbler.

Despite the fact that they are mostly located in coniferous forests, they occasionally visit Alabama while migrating. The high-pitched song of these nimble birds reverberates across the woodland canopy. They create cup-shaped nests during the breeding season that are tucked away in dense vegetation.

Due to the Black-throated Gray Warbler’s rarity in Alabama, birdwatching is made more thrilling by the possibility of spotting this magnificent visitor during the migratory season.

Scientific NameSetophaga caerulescens
Appearancesexual dimorphism, with males displaying striking deep blue plumage on their upperparts and a black throat
SizeApproximately 12-13 centimeters (5 inches) in length
WingspanAround 18-22 centimeters (7-9 inches)
HabitatMature deciduous and mixed forests
RangeDuring migration, they pass through Pennsylvania, primarily breeding in northeastern North America
DietInsectivorous, feeding on insects, caterpillars, and spiders
VocalizationTheir song is a high-pitched and buzzy “zee-zee-zee-zoo-zee”
Nesting HabitsBuild cup-shaped nests, usually situated in the fork of a tree branch
BehaviorAgile climbers and foragers, often seen hopping along branches
Interesting Factknown for its unique “reversed” sexual role, where females establish territories and compete for mates, a rarity among songbirds.

Blackpoll Warbler:

A little songbird called the Blackpoll Warbler is renowned for its exceptional long-distance migration. These birds have prominent black throats and caps during the breeding season, which contrast with their white underparts.

They migrate from their northern breeding habitats to South America for the winter, which is nothing short of amazing. The primary diet of Blackpoll Warblers consists of insects, which they gather with their tiny bills off leaves and trees.

During their spring and fall migrations, birdwatchers in Alabama might catch a glimpse of these daring fliers, which heightens the thrill of discovering the state’s avian wonders.

Scientific NameSetophaga striata
Appearancesmall, plain-looking warbler during its non-breeding season, with grayish plumage and a hint of black streaking
SizeApproximately 12-14 centimeters (5-5.5 inches)
WingspanAround 20-22 centimeters (8-9 inches)
HabitatMixed woodlands, spruce forests, and occasionally found in coastal areas during migration
RangeBreeds in northern regions of North America and migrates through Pennsylvania during fall
DietInsectivorous, consuming a variety of insects and spiders
VocalizationProduces a high-pitched, thin “wee-see” or “sleeve-sleeve-sleeve” song
Nesting HabitsNests are built in conifer trees, constructed with twigs, grass, and other plant materials
BehaviorRemarkable long-distance migrant, flying thousands of miles from its breeding grounds
Interesting Factknown for its incredible migratory journey

Black-necked Stilt:

A graceful wading bird with distinctive black and white plumage and extraordinarily long, slender legs, the Black-necked Stilt has long, slender legs.

These beautiful birds are frequently seen in marshes, mudflats, and shallow lakes, where they eat aquatic insects and crustaceans with their long bills. Since they have tall legs that allow them to easily wade through shallow waters, they are well adapted to their aquatic surroundings.

They build their nests on the ground during the breeding season, frequently not far from the water. The Black-necked Stilt is a stunning sight in Alabama’s wetland habitats due to its remarkable look and delicate motions.

Scientific NameHimantopus mexicanus
AppearanceLong, thin black legs, black and white plumage
SizeApproximately 13 – 15 inches (33 – 38 cm) in length
WingspanAround 24 – 27 inches (61 – 69 cm)
HabitatShallow wetlands, mudflats, and saline lakes
DietInsects, small fish, crustaceans
VocalizationHigh-pitched “keek” or “kleep” calls
Nesting HabitsNests are shallow scrapes on the ground
BehaviorWades in shallow water, long-legged waders
Interesting FactBlack-necked Stilts are known for their strikingly long and slender legs, which allow them to easily navigate through shallow waters in search of food.

Black Rail:

The Black Rail is a petite bird with all-black plumage that is evasive and secretive. Due to their stealthy nature and predilection for deep marshes and wetlands, they are difficult to identify despite their dark look.

Their call, a gentle “kik-kik-kik,” is more frequently heard than seen. These little birds are highly nimble and can silently move through thick vegetation. For birdwatchers in Alabama, catching a Black Rail is a rare and special treat since it takes a good eye and a little bit of luck to capture a sight of this mysterious resident bird.

Scientific NameLaterallus jamaicensis
AppearanceEntirely black plumage
SizeApproximately 5.5 – 6 inches (14 – 15 cm) in length
WingspanAround 11 – 13 inches (28 – 33 cm)
HabitatDense marshes and wetlands
DietInsects, small crustaceans, and seeds
VocalizationSoft, high-pitched “kik-kik-kik” calls
Nesting HabitsNests are concealed in dense marsh vegetation
BehaviorElusive, secretive, seldom seen
Interesting FactThe Black Rail is one of the most elusive and difficult-to-spot birds in North America due to its secretive behavior and preference for dense marsh habitats.

Black-crowned Night-Heron:

A medium-sized wading bird, the Black-crowned Night-Heron has a unique black cap and back that are matched by white underparts. As their name implies, they spend the most of their time at night hunting for fish, crabs, and insects.

They frequently roost in trees close to water sources during the day. These herons can live in a variety of wetland settings, such as marshes, swamps, and ponds because they are adaptive. Due to its eerie sounds and stealthy nocturnal habits, the Black-crowned Night-Heron is an interesting addition to Alabama’s avian biodiversity.

Scientific NameNycticorax nycticorax
AppearanceBlack crown and back, white underparts
SizeApproximately 23 – 28 inches (58 – 71 cm) in length
WingspanAround 44 – 46 inches (112 – 117 cm)
HabitatFreshwater and saltwater marshes, wetlands
DietFish, crustaceans, insects, and small mammals
VocalizationDeep “quok” or “woc” calls
Nesting HabitsNests are built in trees near water
BehaviorNocturnal, excellent hunter
Interesting FactBlack-crowned Night-Heron is a skilled hunter that forages at night, using its keen eyesight to detect prey in dimly lit environments.

Black Guillemot:

A lovely seabird, the Black Guillemot has a black body, white wing patches, and bright red legs and feet. These swimmingly nimble coastal birds dive under the sea to capture fish and crabs.

Their appearance changes during the breeding season when white patches are added to their wings, which beautifully contrast with their dark plumage.

Black Guillemots are renowned for their monogamous pair bonds, which include head bobbing and mutual preening during courtship displays. These charming seabirds provide Alabama’s coastal areas a splash of color and life on the rocky coastlines where they live.

Scientific NameCepphus grylle
Appearancestriking seabird, displaying black plumage with contrasting white wing patches and bright red feet. During the breeding season, its eyes turn white, making it easily identifiable.
SizeApproximately 30-38 centimeters (12-15 inches) in length
WingspanAround 50-60 centimeters (20-24 inches)
HabitatCoastal cliffs, rocky shores, and islands
RangeBreeds along northern coasts, occasionally spotted in Pennsylvania during migration
DietPiscivorous, feeding on small fish, crustaceans, and marine invertebrates
VocalizationUtters a range of calls, including whistles and mewing sounds
Nesting HabitsNests are built in rock crevices or burrows on cliff ledges or among boulders
BehaviorAgile swimmer and diver, capable of swimming underwater to catch prey
Interesting Factare monogamous and form strong pair bonds, often returning to the same nesting site each year. They are fascinating to observe as they engage in courtship displays

Black-throated Sparrow:

A beautiful little songbird with a distinctive black neck patch that stands out against its gray and white plumage is the Black-throated Sparrow. These arid-habitat-adapted birds of the desert are frequently seen in shrublands and grasslands.

Their song is a pleasing series of tinkling notes that gives their natural surroundings a musical touch. During the nesting season, Black-throated Sparrows often eat insects in addition to seeds.

Although Alabama is an important stopover during their migration, their distribution is mostly in western states, making it rare and exciting for observant birdwatchers to see them.

Scientific NameAmphispiza bilineata
AppearanceBlack throat patch, gray and white plumage
SizeApproximately 5 – 6 inches (13 – 15 cm) in length
WingspanAround 7 – 8 inches (18 – 20 cm)
HabitatArid deserts, shrublands, and grasslands
DietSeeds, insects, and berries
VocalizationSweet, musical trilling song
Nesting HabitsNests are cup-shaped and hidden in shrubbery
BehaviorGround foragers, agile climbers
Interesting FactBlack-throated Sparrows are well-adapted to arid environments, where they can survive without drinking water, obtaining moisture from their diet.

Black Scoter:

A sea duck with sleek black feathers and a recognizable bright orange bill is called a Black Scoter. When foraging for crustaceans, mollusks, and marine invertebrates, these diving ducks dive beneath the water’s surface and are frequently observed in salty habitats.

The male Black Scoter attracts females by flashing white on its forehead during the breeding season. Alabama is where they can be seen during migration during the winter even though they typically breed in the northern regions.

Black Scoters are a gripping addition to Alabama’s coastal birdwatching opportunities due to their distinctive appearance and preference for the open ocean.

Black and White Birds in albama
Scientific NameMelanitta nigra
Appearancelarge sea duck, displaying entirely black plumage with a bright yellow knob at the base of its bill. Females, also black, often have a more brownish hue
SizeApproximately 43-54 centimeters (17-21 inches) in length
WingspanAround 79-89 centimeters (31-35 inches
HabitatCoastal marine waters, nearshore areas
DietPiscivorous, diving to catch fish and other marine organisms
VocalizationGenerally silent, but produces soft whistles and grunts during courtship
Nesting HabitsNests are built on the ground, hidden among vegetation near water
BehaviorExcellent diver and swimmer, using its wings to propel itself underwater
Interesting Factknown for its distinctive courtship displays, where males swim in circles and engage in head bobbing to attract females

Black-headed Grosbeak:

A magnificent songbird with a striking black head that contrasts with its vivid orange breast and white underparts is the Black-headed Grosbeak.

Their strong beaks, which are used to crack open seeds and fruits, are a distinctive feature of these medium-sized birds. Their enchanting songs fill the air during breeding season as males set up territories and entice females.

Black-headed Grosbeaks favor deciduous woodlands and the margins of forests because they can find an abundance of fruits and insects there. Although they frequently occur in Alabama during their migration, their breeding territory is primarily in western states, giving them a treat for birdwatchers looking for brilliant hues in the avian world.

Scientific NamePheucticus melanocephalus
AppearanceBlack head and throat, orange breast and underparts
SizeApproximately 7.5 – 8 inches (19 – 20 cm) in length
WingspanAround 12 – 14 inches (30 – 36 cm)
HabitatWoodlands, forests, and gardens
DietSeeds, insects, fruits, and berries
VocalizationMelodious, flute-like song
Nesting HabitsNests are cup-shaped and built in trees
BehaviorExcellent singers, agile climbers
Interesting FactBlack-headed Grosbeaks are talented singers and produce a wide range of melodious songs, adding a musical touch to their forest habitats

Black-billed Magpie:

A remarkable bird with black plumage, iridescent blue-green wings, and a long, wedge-shaped tail is the Black-billed Magpie. These smart and perceptive birds are renowned for their lively and inquisitive characteristics.

They are frequently observed searching for a variety of foods, such as fruits, small mammals, insects, and even carrion. Black-billed Magpies have deep attachments to their communities and are very social birds that establish intricate family groups.

Despite having a primarily western range, a few individuals have been seen in Alabama, giving birdwatchers who are investigating the state’s varied ecosystems a sense of mystery and appeal.

Woodland Birds With Long Beaks
Scientific NamePica hudsonia
AppearanceBlack head and throat, orange breast and underparts
SizeApproximately 17 – 24 inches (43 – 61 cm) in length
WingspanAround 22 – 24 inches (56 – 61 cm)
HabitatOpen woodlands, grasslands, and urban areas
DietInsects, small mammals, fruits, and carrion
VocalizationComplex, varied calls with chattering and mimicry
Nesting HabitsNests are large, dome-shaped structures in trees
BehaviorHighly intelligent, playful, and social
Interesting FactBlack-billed Magpies are known for their curious and mischievous nature, often collecting shiny objects and incorporating them into their nests.
Also Read: Black and White Birds in Barcelona (ID Guide, Pictures)

Black and White Birds Found in Pennsylvania

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Black Rosy-Finch:

A tiny songbird with a striking combination of rose, gray, and black feathers is called the Black Rosy-Finch. These high-altitude specialists prefer these mountainous regions, where they spawn on steep cliffs and alpine tundra.

During the harsh winters, they descend to lower elevations in quest of food. In addition to their primary diet of seeds, Black Rosy-Finches also feed on insects during the breeding season. The dry settings they live in are made more elegant by their presence, and their swift, acrobatic flight.

Despite the fact that they typically breed in western states, a small number of Alabama birdwatchers may get the chance to observe this alluring mountain resident in the dead of winter.

Scientific NameLeucosticte atrata
AppearanceBlack head, wings, and tail; rose-pink underparts
SizeApproximately 6 – 7.5 inches (15 – 19 cm) in length
WingspanAround 11 – 12 inches (28 – 30 cm)
HabitatAlpine tundra and mountainous regions
DietSeeds, berries, insects, and spiders
VocalizationSoft, tinkling notes
Nesting HabitsNests are built in rock crevices
BehaviorHardy and adaptable to cold, high-altitude environments
Interesting FactBlack Rosy-Finches are high-altitude specialists, often found in alpine tundra environments where few other birds can survive.


The world of black and white birds comes to life in the alluring state of Alabama with stunning beauty and enthralling habits. Each of these avian marvels offers something special to the state’s avian richness. These feathered residents find a home in Alabama’s diverse environments, which include marshes, woods, and coastal areas

Are all black and white birds in Alabama migratory?

Not all of them are migratory. While some species are migratory, others are year-round residents, making Alabama their permanent home.

When is the best time to spot migratory black and white birds in Alabama?

The best time to spot migratory birds is during their spring and fall migrations. They use Alabama as a stopover point while traveling to and from their breeding and wintering grounds.

What can I do to support the conservation of black and white birds in Alabama?

You can support bird conservation efforts by participating in citizen science projects, supporting local and national conservation organizations, and advocating for the protection of natural habitats.

Are black and white birds beneficial to the ecosystem?

Yes, black and white birds play crucial roles in the ecosystem. They help control insect populations, disperse seeds, and contribute to the balance of the food chain.

Can I attract black and white birds to my backyard?

Yes, you can attract these birds by providing bird feeders with seeds and suet, offering clean water sources for drinking and bathing, and creating natural habitats with trees, shrubs, and nesting materials.

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